1980-1982: Training at the Istituto di Biologia Generale, Dipartimento di Biologia e Genetica per le scienze mediche, Milano
1980: MSc in Biological sciences
2020-Today: Research Director at the Institute of Agricultural Biology and Biotechnology of the CNR, Milan
1989: CNR researcher at the Plant Biosynthesis Institute now Institute of Agricultural Biology and Biotechnology, Milan office
1988-1989: Visiting scientist at the Department of Microbiology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh N.C., U.S.A
1986-1988: CNR contract for International Experts at the Advanced Biomedical Technologies Institute, Milan office
1985: Visiting scientist as assistant to the Yeast Genetics Course, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory CSH, New York, U. S. A.
1983-1986: Visiting scientist at the Laboratory of Molecular Virology, National Institutes of Health NIH-NCI, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.
1982-1983: Post Doctoral and Research Associate at the Department of Biochemistry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.A.